When strength training, it can be difficult to decide which exercises to incorporate into your workout routine. In his book Functional Training, JC Santana explains why we should incorporate the 5 Pillars of Human Movement into our workouts. These Pillars enable us to move better in our activities of daily living and sports. He explains that human movement can be broken down into 5 basic categories, Locomotion, Level Changes, Push, Pull and Rotation.
5 Pillars of Human Movement:
1 – Locomotion
We need to be able to move our bodies through space. Locomotion is the foundation for human movement and involves walking, running, skipping, jumping, and shuffling and is of great importance to our overall health. It is a component of most sports, and its absence greatly impacts the quality of our life and our longevity. Cardiovascular exercise such as walking, running, jumping, shuffling and skipping drills will enhance this function as well as strength/power exercises like resisted sled walks and walking lunges.
2 – Level Changes
The 2nd Pillar involves the ability to raise and lower our body weight against gravity. Losing this ability dramatically impacts your daily function. If you do not have the strength to raise and lower your body weight, you cannot climb stairs efficiently, get up from a chair or toilet unassisted, pick something up off the floor, step off a curb safely, get yourself up from the floor, and/or jump. Exercises that will enhance this function include squats, lunges, step-ups deadlifts and jumping drills.
3 – Pulling
The 3rd Pillar involves the action of pulling used for picking things up off the floor, opening doors, pulling items into our bodies, and carrying objects. You can enhance this function by including exercises such as rows and pull ups.
4 – Pushing
The 4th Pillar is used to push against an opponent in sports, to be able to defend ourselves, to push against an object, wall, or door, or to push against the floor to raise from the ground. Exercises to improve this ability include pushups, chest press or overhead shoulder press.
5 – Rotation
The final Pillar, and often considered the most important, is rotation. All powerful activities such as throwing, kicking, punching and even linear movements like running are possible because of rotation. Exercises to improve this ability include Lateral Medicine Ball Tosses, Wood Chop Squats, and Torso rotation with tube/pulleys.
Using the 5 Pillars of Human Movement as a guide to designing your workout routine will assure that you address the most important functions of your body. This is true whether you are an elite level athlete, a weekend warrior, or a grandparent.
Yours in health & fitness,